Last week media was awash with stories about the TATA British Steel plant in Port Talbot, Wales potentially closing, before I reveal the statement from the Department of Business, Innovation and Skills, I wanted to set out my opinions on the matter.
My concern is China, what influence is this state having on our governments decision not to bail out the Steel Industry?
The graph above shows the increase in the last 10 years for China’s Steel Production, supply is massively outstripping the demand, hence we call this dumping.
The effect across Europe are steel plant closures and redundancies – how much has this already cost Europe in terms of job losses?
Since 2008 there have been many plant closures across Europe, and the number of workers in European steel manufacturing has fallen by about 70,000.
The Department of Business, Innovation and Skills.
70,000 jobs lost in the last 10 years across Europe
At Port Talbot we are looking at around 15,000 jobs, we have seen this before with coal mining across the UK and the effects were devastating. Communities were destroyed, unemployment soared through the roof, the welfare state increased massively due to tax receipts being lower.
Its the affect of other industries who rely on the steel to create jobs, those will also go leaving Port Talbot a virtual ghost town.
We cannot let this happen, when we bail out the banks who lets face it stole from us with the PPI scandal, they manipulated currency markets and who remembers the bank charges? this is the industry we need to be reducing, not the production and manufacturing industry.
The UK steel sector is facing unparalleled global economic conditions. Around the world, production of steel is 30 per cent higher than demand. In China alone, excess steel capacity is 25 times the UK’s entire annual production. India, Indonesia and other emerging economies are ramping up production with ready supplies of raw materials and low-paid labour.
In Europe, demand has yet to return to pre-crash levels. When unprecedented supply is met with sluggish demand, prices inevitably fall – the international price of steel has halved over the past 18 months.
The Department of Business, Innovation and Skills.
The future for British Steel
I am sorry but we all have to face the facts that we are living in a more robotic era, some have said jobs will be lost to machines in the future, this cannot be denied.
However we should embrace this change, whilst steel is a hot topic as well as a massive Demand for Housing, why aren’t we adapting our building designs to utilise more British Steel?
This is a no brainer, the plants require investment, housing requires investment and people need jobs, at a time when the Chancellor is warning of another potential downturn, we need to step away from austerity and start investing whilst interest rates are so low.
The full statement.
Global economic conditions mean this is a very difficult time for the steel industry and the workforce and communities affected. Government is doing all it can to ensure UK steel has a viable future.
The UK steel sector is facing unparalleled global economic conditions. Around the world, production of steel is 30 per cent higher than demand. In China alone, excess steel capacity is 25 times the UK’s entire annual production. India, Indonesia and other emerging economies are ramping up production with ready supplies of raw materials and low-paid labour. In Europe, demand has yet to return to pre-crash levels. When unprecedented supply is met with sluggish demand, prices inevitably fall – the international price of steel has halved over the past 18 months.
These conditions have led to many companies having to take difficult commercial decisions including redundancies across the sector and the closure of the SSI steel plant in Teesside last year. This issue is not just a UK issue. Since 2008 there have been many plant closures across Europe, and the number of workers in European steel manufacturing has fallen by about 70,000.
The Government has been working hard with the industry to provide all the support we can. Back in October last year Sajid Javid, Secretary of State for Business, Innovation and Skills convened a special Steel Summit in Rotherham, alongside industry, Scottish and Welsh governments and unions. Through three Minister-led Working Groups we have been working with the sector to tackle key industry asks. This is now being taken forward through the Steel Council which had its first meeting on 2 March and will be meeting again soon to discuss recent developments.
To date we have paid over £160 million to steel companies and other Energy Intensive Industries (EIIs) to compensate for the cost of climate change-related energy costs, including more than £50 million to Tata. Following state aid clearance in December we have made the first payments under the latest scheme. We are also going further, as announced at Autumn Statement, we plan to exempt EIIs from renewable energy costs. This will save the steel industry over £400m by the end of this Parliament. We have also secured flexibility over the implementation of EU emissions regulations; this will save the steel industry millions of pounds.
Last year we published new procurement guidance for central Government Departments, this ensures that social and economic issues are taken into account when Government procures steel. We are the first Government in the EU to take advantage of this flexibility. We have now gone further and extended this guidance across the entire public sector and will setting up a list of approved steel suppliers. We also continue to work with all UK steel companies to ensure that they have maximum visibility of the public procurement pipeline.
We must remember that many of the issues facing the UK steel industry are international and therefore require an international response. This is why Sajid Javid asked for and secured an extraordinary meeting of the EU Competitiveness Council to coordinate a continent-wide approach. We voted in favour of anti-dumping measures on wire rod and on steel pipes in July and October last year. We have lobbied successfully for an EU investigation into cheap imports of Reinforcing Steel Bar (‘rebar’) and in February we voted in favour of measures on rebar and cold-rolled products. We also continue to press for the speeding up of trade defence investigations. Although it is too early to tell what the impact of the duties will be, signs are promising for measures imposed in January; imports of rebar in January 2016 were 99% down on January 2015.
The Government recognises that this is a difficult time for the workers and communities affected by the current crisis, including in many areas where the steel sector makes up a substantial part of local employment. Our immediate focus is to help those who have lost their jobs back into work as quickly as possible. We have set aside up to £90m of support packages, and are working with Taskforces in Scunthorpe, Rotherham, Scotland and Wales to ensure we are offering all possible support to those affected.
Whilst we are looking at all viable options and are not ruling anything out, we don’t believe nationalisation is the right answer. The world’s best steel companies all operate in the private sector and public ownership of steel operations has all but disappeared in the EU. We will support the steel industry where we reasonably can but Government ownership of the steel industry, or any part of it, will not raise prices or increase demand for steel.
The Government is doing all it can to ensure a sustainable future for UK steel. Ministers wrote to MPs to update them during recess and will continue to hold briefings to update representatives of other parties on the situation. Our focus is on finding a long-term sustainable future for steel-making at Port Talbot and across the UK.
Department for Business, Innovation and Skills
What are your thoughts on this?